Bed Bug Treatment

Bed Bug Treatment - How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs

Bed bug infestations can be quite a traumatic experience both physically and psychologically. Not only do these tiny insects wreak havoc on your bedding and nearby furniture, they can also leave hundreds of bites on a person’s body over a period of time and disrupt sleeping habits. For some people, these bites can cause allergic reactions, which manifest into itchy, red welts.

Unfortunately, bed bugs can go unidentified for a while due to their nocturnal habits and daytime hiding. Additionally, they may also be confused with other insects. However, once identified, it’s important that you begin treating the problem in order to get rid of bed bugs in your home. These treatment options range from at-home remedies for bed bugs to professional extermination services.

Bed Bug Treatment

Treating bed bugs is an extensive process that first begins with accurately identifying the infestation. Typically, adult bed bugs are about the size of an apple seed with a flat, oval shaped body and are brown or dark red in color. In addition to capturing or visibly seeing live bed bugs, the identification process would also involve finding bed bug feces, bed bug eggs, and the nest.

Once you have properly identified that there is a bed bug infestation, the following treatment options are available:

Bed Bug Traps

Bed bug traps are often the first line of defense when treating these parasites. Although they have a limited effectiveness, traps are reliable for identifying bed bugs and cost friendly options. In fact, traps are often used by professionals as a means of identification. As for the costs, bed bug traps can be purchased at stores or created at-home with a variety of products like petroleum or tape. Bed bug traps are often divided into two categories:

Passive Traps

Passive traps are designed to capture bed bugs as they commute from their nest or hiding places to their hosts. Costing less than $20 in-store, these traps catch bed bugs as they crawl over or through them on their way to the host or back to their nest after having already fed.


The EPA has over 300 registered pesticide products for treating and eliminating bed bugs. They are divided into 7 classes of chemicals, with each class presenting a different mode of action for killing bed bugs. For the most part, it’s highly recommended that pesticides only be used by professionals due to the danger of the chemicals and the complexity involved in choosing the right pesticide.

Over the last few decades, bed bugs have become increasingly resistant to a wide range of pesticides. This is a major reason to consider pest control professionals so that they can identify the best pesticide based on resistance, size and advancement of infestation, and the extent of the area needing to be covered.

Bug Bombs

Bug bombs are devices that fill rooms with an aerosol insecticide in an attempt to kill the bed bugs. Commonly known as foggers, these devices are also cost-friendly like passive traps and can be purchased in-stores for as little as $10. Unfortunately, bug bombs have been found to be less effective than these other treatment options.

In addition to being dangerous to one’s safety and overall health, bug bombs are limited in reaching bed bugs directly, generally, don’t have enough pesticide to kill an infestation, and can cause the bed bugs to navigate to other parts of the house or room.

Bed Bug Heat Treatments

Heat treatments are quite possibly the most effective way to kill bed bugs, as these insects and the bed bug eggs die quickly when subjected to temperatures at or above 120°F. When dealing with small infestations or as part of the clean-up process, it’s advised to place linens, bedding, clothes, and shoes in the dryer to ensure that all of the bugs are killed. Special devices such as heated luggage, and portable bed bug heat treatments make handling infestations safe, easy and effective.

To use heat treatments for larger infestations, a pest control professional will need to be called in. This is essential due to the specially designed equipment required to heat an entire room to an average temperature of 140°F. Additionally, the professional will place remote thermometers throughout the home to ensure that the space is properly heated.

Prior to heat treatments, all pets, residents, and items that are sensitive to extreme heats will need to be removed from the targeted room. This bed bug treatment takes 6 to 8 hours on average and has no residual effects like pesticides and bug bombs.

Once your bed bug issue has been cleared-up, it is important to take steps to prevent it from happening again. In addition to arming yourself with the knowledge of where bed bugs come from you should protect your bed and mattress and pillow with a bed bug-proof encasement kit, and even consider buying a bed bug proof mattress. This will help ensure you never have to deal with a bed bug infestation again.

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